WAPA predicts low pear and apple production this year
According to the World Apple and Pear Association, WAPA, apple and pear harvest prospects have been revised as of November 2012.
The total production of apples is now expected to reach 9,600,000 tonnes in the 2012 business year, which represents an 8% fall compared to 2011. Regarding the total production of pears in 2012, WAPA's report indicates that it is expected to reach 1,824,000 tonnes, which is 31% less than last year.
WAPA'S prediction is particularly evident in Belgium. Despite the fact that the Belgian apple production estimates have increased from 212,000 tonnes to 221,000, the figure is still 28% lower than in 2011. In the case of pears, prospects have changed from 255,000 to 235,000 for the 2012 business year, reflecting a 21% drop compared to 2011.
Italy is another country reflecting changes, with pear production prospects going from 717,000 tonnes to 608,000, which is 34% less than in 2011. In the case of apples, Italy expects a 16% drop, reaching 1,928,000 tonnes.
For its part, Poland reflects an increase in apples from 2,800,000 tonnes to 2,900,000, which is a 16% increase compared to 2011. In pears, 45,000 tonnes are expected, which is 18% less than last year.
Romania is another EU country with changed prospects, increasing its apple production from 403,000 tonnes to 413,000. In pears, 27,000 tonnes are expected, which is 7% less than in 2011.
Other estimations: Pears
According to WAPA, the prospective harvest for pears in the Czech Republic is of 6,000 tonnes, which is 109% more than in 2011. Denmark will reach 5,000 tonnes, the same as last year. France will reach 123,000 tonnes; 30% less than last year. Meanwhile, Germany will produce 38,000 tonnes (-19%); Greece 44,000 (+21%) and Hungary 26,000 (+23%).
For its part, the Netherlands expects 198,000 tonnes (-41%); Portugal 109,000 tonnes (-48%); Slovenia 3,000 tonnes (-59%) and Spain will reach a production of 329,000 tonnes, which is 29% less than in 2011. Sweden will produce 1,000 tonnes (-53%) and the UK 28,000 tonnes of pears; 12% less than in 2011.
Finally, WAPA highlights that Latvia and Slovakia will registers drops of 33 and 67% respectively.
Other estimations: Apples
According to WAPA, the prospective harvest for apples in Austria is of 153,000 tonnes, 23% less than in 2011. The Czech Republic will produce 101,000 tonnes (+28%); Denmark 18,000 (-10%); France 1,169,000 (-31%); Germany 933,000 (-2%), and Greece will produce 297,000 tonnes; 3% less than last year.
For its part, Hungary will reach 418,000 tonnes (+39%); Latvia 7,000 (-13%); Lithuania 39,000 (-20%) and the Netherlands will reach 313,000 tonnes, which is 25% less than in 2011.
Portugal will reach 225,000 tonnes, which is 15% drop compared to 2011. The Czech Republic will produce 36,000 tonnes of pears, reflecting a 9% increase compared to last year.
Meanwhile, Slovenia will have 45,000 tonnes, which is a 38% drop; Spain will reach 373,000 tonnes; a 26% decrease compared to 2011. Sweden will reach 14,000 tonnes of pears (-18%) and the United Kingdom's production will amount to 163,000 tonnes, which is 28% less.
Turkey Vegetable-Fruit Exports It\'s running for the record
Turkey, the policies implemented in recent years provided a significant increase in production and exports of fresh fruits and vegetables.
Turkey, the policies implemented in recent years provided a significant increase in production and exports of fresh fruits and vegetables. 4th World production of vegetables, fruits, Turkey is the 6th row, the last of nine per cent per annum increase in exports helped 114'lük.
According to the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Turkey, in 2002, the production of 39 million tonnes of fresh fruit and vegetables
Reached 44.5 million tons, an increase of 114 . Turkey, these figures the 4th world vegetable production, fruit production moved up to 6th in the 12th ordinary. It is estimated that 46 million tons of production in 2012 is expected to be.
Parallel exports of fresh fruit and vegetables sector, increasing export revenues of $ 534 million in 2002, an increase of 368 per cent of the 2.5 billion dollars. In the first nine months of this year, the export value increased by 23 percent compared to the same period last year came to $ 1.3 billion to $ 1.6 billion.
Food, Agriculture and Livestock Ministry until 2015, a total of 48 million tons of fresh fruits and vegetables as well as a set of production targets. The ministry has been working efficiency and quality-oriented, accordingly, the fruit production of 18.5 million tons, 29.5 million tons of vegetable production levels, aims to remove the.
FRUIT CERTIFIED SUPPORT sapling 241 million Turkish Lira
Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, the last six years, using certified seedlings to farmers who plant fruit orchard provided support for a total of 241 million pounds. Certified seedling producers, as well as support organic agriculture and good agricultural, fuel, fertilizer, soil analysis, and supports a variety of agricultural consultancy under the name given. In addition, manufacturers are well known discount and zero-interest loans up to half of the agricultural ministry are covered by insurance policies. (IHA)
People Investing Apple,Not to Banks
Total 2.6 million tons, the world's 3rd largest player in the production of apples, Turkey, a new threshold. Anadolu Group giants such as Pleiades, then instead of mid-sized investment bank in the money started to evaluate apple orchards.
ISTANBUL - apple juice and fresh import demand for domestic and foreign markets, the investor's new favorite made apple orchards. Rates close to 2 per cent increase in the consumption of apples takes place every year, production is not enough demand. At this point the route to medium-sized investors fruit bahçeciliğine many investors turned up large holdings.
Fruit Juice Industry Former President of the Aladdin Guc "turned negative in the bank deposit. Now orchards trend" using the term, Ekiz Arboriculture Okyaz Kamil Agricultural Engineer, "the investment bank who failed to profit now, apple orchards began to invest in," he said.
15-fold increase export of fresh apples after 5 years
Approximately 3 times in the last few years has increased the amount of land apple orchards. At this point, the effect of demand in the domestic market and comes from Europe. Turkey, China and the United States, then the world's 3rd largest producer of apples. Apple juice concentrate has pointed out that a major player for many years in Turkey Alaaddin the power sector, said that she started to spin the needle exports of fresh apples.
The same view was reached so far apple looking fresh consumption saves power, large investments in the introduction of this table with the principles conveyed completely change. Power, apple orchards in full efficiency, then gave the first 5 years, citing "positive developments with large gardens will take effect. Still have the potential production of 2.6 million tons. Fresh apple exports did not exceed the 50-60 thousand tons. Chile 1 million 100 thousand tons it produces and exports 700 thousand tons. Herein lies the importance of adopting large garden center. Given today after 5 years of export can search up to 15 times "made the assessment.
Pakmaya established in Karaman 1.2 million nursery garden
Investors are seeing an opportunity in the sector continues to build on the garden. In Canan Pak İmregün recent investment in this area is located at the beginning and Mehmet İmregün'ün came Pakmaya'dan. The company is a global player in the production of yeast, Karaman Law System through the 1.2 million agricultural company has established a large garden nursery. Entering the 2nd year of the investment was based on exports of fresh apples.
Outside Pakmaya in Konya, especially in case of medium-sized investor favorite. Nursery Ekiz Kamil Agricultural Engineer performers, Denizli, Konya and pointed out to the forefront the last few years. Investments in export-oriented assortment of fresh table grapes more focused on the increasing demand for performers recorded the "money in the bank deposit anything on those who failed to invest in agriculture, apple orchards," he said.
Agricultural Engineer District Directorate of Konya Eregli Orhan Noble, 5-fold increase in the last 5 years in Konya announced apple orchard land. Konya because of cheap land prices in Adana, Hatay, Mersin attracted large number of investors about the noble cities, Konya Eregli manufacturer that is still 40, and explained that the small apple orchard area of 150 acres.
Income per acre of land there are seven thousand medium-sized
Apple gardens numbers of representatives of the sector that is also supported these findings. According to TSI, the total production of 2 million 680 thousand tons of apples. The total area of apple orchards 718 acres and 1 million 666 thousand. Approximately 430 thousand tons of apple juice processing industry produced about 50 thousand tonnes are exported as fresh fruit. Konya, Isparta, Turkey, Erzincan and Niğde cheap land, and the cities to the fore with the appropriate climate.
Currently, Isparta, 210 thousand, and 20 thousand hectares in Erzincan on the area of 18 thousand Konya Eregli are apple orchards. Preferred to invest in a full squat is kind. The first two years did not yield close to 6 tons per year product is the 5th gardens.
Apple today with a 1.25 cf cf 75 of the selling price per kilogram is changing. Nearly 300 acres of wood land area of about a thousand years of income possible to obtain 7. If the annual operating costs of about one thousand per acre. At this point it comes to a gain of $ 6 thousand. The initial investment cost is considered, the one-acre field nursery, irrigation systems, wire systems, including the cost of land, except when it comes to a cost of $ 3 thousand per acre.
5 PROPOSAL FOR APPLE ORCHARD
To invest in the right investment and business specialists can provide important gains 5 suggestions ...
Investments must be a minimum area of 100 acres.
Dwarf varieties of trees are best suited for large-scale investments that stands out as seedlings.
Irrigation system and garden seedlings bad weather conditions essential part of protecting the network system.
Investment is the key point right place at the right stage of growing the variety.
Contract farming and farmers wishing to establish a legal infrastructure investors in the presence of a dense packing plant establishment, an important factor for the profitability of the investment.
Chinese food in 1 apple a day, the winner will be Turkish farmers
Secretary-General of the global trend in the industry MEYED Turkey Ebru Akdag will make you pointed out in this area is even more rewarding. Previously raised by the World Journal of apple consumption strategy in China has opened the way for a new opportunity for Turkey. China in recent years, state-run "an apple a day" campaign beefed up domestic consumption record Akdag, summed up the resulting table:
"In fact, at the beginning of consumption in China, but due to the size of the population worldwide have already started to show the effect. This decrease in the amount of fruits processed in China, apple juice concentrate, apple juice concentrate price increase, the search for an alternative supplier to meet the demand with each passing day has led to the growing importance.
The current situation in China, these developments were not even looking for suppliers in the global market would continue to meet the demand for apple juice concentrate. Rather, we look at projections made by Rabobank 2011 - 2015 between the years in the production of apples, while the average annual compound growth of 1.6 per cent during the same period is expected to be 1.9% growth in the consumption of fresh apples. This decrease in the amount of apples or apple juice concentrate to be processed reveal will pass.
However, the global market demand for apple juice concentrate, and thus the amount of processed apple keeps increasing with each passing year. Turkey The world's largest 3 apple manufacturer. Beyond that, due to ecological conditions and arable areas, such as improving plantation and production has a very important advantage.
Given the geographical location and the advantages of these developments we see in our country has done a great opportunity in front. Therefore, the right of the State to encourage investments to increase from today apple plantations and to initiate the studies is of great importance. "
The remaining 45 days of fresh cherries produced, to export to China
BURSA - Research and development work is also very important for companies creating opportunities in the agricultural sector. Exceed 5 percent of its turnover in R & D that separates the Alara Saplings, which can be exported to the Far East by signing a study like that for so long has succeeded in producing varieties of cherry preserves freshness.
7 in 15 percent of the rent of land, including 15 in the orchard of Turkey, an area of 4 thousand 500 hectares of Alara that modern fruit growing seedlings and Alanar fruits, cherries and a new kind of intensive R & D work to be discovered. The company preserves the freshness of the first day's feature about 45 days with this product aims to export to China. Underlining that they are still on a trial production phase Saplings, CEO of Alara Yavuz Taner, next to the European market, especially in China, the Far East and Middle East markets, they said their determined destination. Have assessed according to each market, and it is self-direction, methods and systems that have developed information Taner gave the following information:
40 tons to China, the first sevyikat "We wanted to start exports to China Cherries. 30-35 days for it to withstand the housing and a 10-day shelf-life of a variety which is needed. Intensive R & D efforts we discovered a new type of cherry. Their gardens can production began. 65 kinds of cherries, and this year we have found the right product that will take us to the goal of 45 days based our experience. production, harvest and post-harvest freshness remains detached from the branch order. brisk, 20-ton next year, two container (ship) and 40 tons in China to the first products will do. approximately 5 500 tonnes per year extraction catch target. "
Ministry Backs,Her Apples watering with Solar
Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock its traditional 'Women Farmers Race Information and Project Competition' started to bear fruit. Winner of the contest of 2011, Canakkale Turkey Hatice Gezer (53), with the support of the ministry launched a model project. Overhead, 18 acres of semi-dwarf apple trees planted in his field solar-powered drip irrigation system for watering established.
Hatice by selecting the appropriate field work indicates the beginning of Gezer, soil tests that began after the planting dwarf apple fidanlarını said to be durable, storage and marketing of apples preferred due to the ease, he said. His wife received great support during the implementation phase of the project, and transfer overhead environment, "clean energy, making irrigation. Paid for this system, only the installation costs. System will pay for itself in 4-5 years." he said. Çanakkale, voicing the project is a first Gezer, elmalığını to see so many people, he said.
On the other hand, the Ministry of Food Agriculture and Livestock Extension and Publications Department of Education Chairman Recep Tezgel, ministerial staff and toured the garden of women farmers Gezer. Overhead, guests gave information about the apple orchard. While staying established renewable energy system, semi-dwarf apple orchard explaining how Gezer, established the system contaminate the environment, he added. (Cihan)
Cold Weather Affected MAnufacturer Of Apple
Where approximately 25 percent of apple production in Turkey Karaman, which are effective in the winter due to frost in yield is expected to decline by 40 percent this year compared to last year.
Karaman - Turkey Karaman, apple production is made of about 25 percent in the winter due to frost is effective in yield is expected to fall 40 percent this year compared to last year. Karaman Apple Growers Association President Ahmet Yildiz, Karaman, Turkey and the world talked about apple production when the kind and quality, he said.
Representing 25 percent of apple production in Turkey Karaman was Star, Karaman apple harvest with apple seedlings and 7 million people "Apple Capital" notorious, he said.
Yield forecast of 250 thousand tons
Stars in the city every year about 300-350 thousand tons of apple production is done by highlighting, said:
"Karaman, which began in August, according to the type of harvest lasts until the end of October. Expectation this year, slightly lower yields. November, December and January due to frost effective production is envisaged to fall about 40 percent this year compared to last year. Last year of production 400 thousand tons. harvest we think will happen this year, 200-250 thousand tons. had successful if no items in the gardens we saw some trees. Don did not even because of some trees and flowers. maintenance gardens is a weak, cold weather was most affected by the gardens. "
The manufacturer is in great trouble due to the decline Rekoltedeki about the Stars, this year, the cold air is an effective, experienced for many years, the manufacturer stated that they did not receive the measure.
Yildiz, Turkey, Karaman, one of every five apples produced, the number of fruit-bearing apple tree, says that 7 million, bringing the "annual production capacity of 500 thousand tons, but best not to go to climatic conditions result in decreased production was down last year. This not only in Karaman, apple production in other regions where the same, "he said.
Harvest would be slightly higher this year because of the low prices that star, 80 cents and 1 lira per kilo of apples in the garden predict that they passed.
Stopped export of the events in Syria
Syria, describing the events that led to the loss in the export market, Star, said:
"Before opening the Middle East market through Syria. A short time ago in this country after the events of the 'foot pressed the money' customs, such as 5 thousand dollars per truck began to take the money. However, due to the intensification of the conflict in Syria is now no longer completely stopped exports. Exports to a halt manufacturer seriously adversely affected. "
Stars, producers' associations çalışamadığını very efficient due to deficiencies in laws, in order to provide major benefits to the producer associations can be activated by means of state support should be made of these units, he added.
Construction Design System
Apple protect your body
Everyone must eat fresh apples for healty.
Dried fruit and nut industry to flourish in new markets
The Turkish dried fruit and nut sector, which grew by more than 10 percent amid the global financial crisis last year, may perform even better this year as more companies branch out into “lucrative” export markets such as the Balkans, Central Asia and the Middle East.
Maintaining confidence in a flourishing domestic market, which has recently enjoyed a remarkable increase in demand, representatives of the dried fruit and nut industry believe there is potential in new export markets. Companies and producers agree that effective promotion and increased product quality helped them survive the crisis last year and that these will be the major driving forces behind this industry being successful in new export markets this year.
“Thanks to increased promotions, the popularity of dried fruits and nuts is increasing in the market and so is the demand. Encouraged by this fact, companies have accelerated efforts to branch out into some alternative export markets,” Hasan Hüseyin Karapınar, the head of the Turkish Dried Fruit and Nut Industrialists and Businessmen’s Association (TÜKSİAD), tells Today’s Zaman. Recalling that Turkish dried fruit and nut producers mostly export their products to European Union countries, which he identifies as “ethno-marketing hubs” with a relatively higher Turkish immigrant population, Karapınar says the sector has recently begun to reach out to new export markets, including Turkic republics in Central Asia and countries in the Middle East. The TÜKSİAD head says the sector makes some $500 million in exports annually and has the ability to double this number in the coming years. Karapınar also adds Africa and China to the list of regions where Turkish dried fruit and nut exporters should begin to market their goods. Karapınar says Turkey is relatively successful in dried fruit and nut exports thanks to popular products such as hazelnuts, dried apricots and figs.
Faruk Sungurlu, the marketing manager of Malatya Pazarı, one of the leading Turkish dried fruit and nut companies, says they expect to establish franchises in Russia, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon before the end of this year. “We ended 2009 with 15 percent growth over the preceding year. Thanks to increasing demand in the market, we expect to see some 25 percent growth this year compared to 2009.” Sungurlu notes that the highest increase is seen in the sale of sunflower seeds.
Kani Emekçi, the manager of Papağan Kuruyemiş, another leading company in the sector, says they export goods to some 10 countries and expect to establish sales particularly in Central Asia and the Middle East, drawing attention to “similar food habits” in these regions. “We currently sell products to the Iraqi and Turkmen markets in these two regions,” Emekçi says, adding that they expect to begin exporting goods to other nearby countries soon. The company also plans to increase its sales to the US and the EU, the sector’s traditional export markets. Papağan grew by around 30 percent in 2009 over 2008 and expects an even higher growth figure this year.
Pointing to a “promising” Russian market, Tahsin Ateş, the owner of Ateşler Kuruyemiş in Mersin, says the Turkish dried fruit and nut industry should take advantage of the “huge demand” from this nearby country. We have a production facility in Ukraine that helps us reach Russian customers easily, Ateş says, adding that sunflower seeds make up the largest share of the sector’s exports to Russia. Mentioning a “transformation” in the industry, Ateş says the sector places more importance on the quality of products as they increase research and development (R&D) investments. “I believe that Turkish dried fruit and nut exporters will have their voices heard in more countries thanks to these efforts.”
ERGIN HAVA, İSTANBUL-Zaman
Turkey is a leader of the dried fruit exports around the World once again
Turkey is a leader of the dried fruit exports around the World once again in 2011.
Turkey: Good news with fresh produce export growth
Turkey: Good news with fresh produce export growth
There is still good news to be found even during the turbulent times being experienced currently by much of the world. Take Turkey for example. Turkish fruit and vegetable exports grew 9.5% in 2011 in comparison to 2010. The exports reached 96 countries worldwide to a value of 2.3 billion dollars.
Much of the produce was exported to Eastern Europe with demand being greatest in Bulgaria, Ukraine and Russia as well as in Germany and Iraq.
About two years ago tuta absoluta (tomato moth) a European 'country with a high risk to plant health' group, which included Ukraine, the administration gave up.
Veterinary and Phytosanitary Service of Ukraine, Turkey, as of February 1, 2012 took off from a country with a high risk to plant health. Plant products exported from Turkey to Ukraine in 2010 and 2011 upon detection of quarantine harmful organisms in Ukraine, of Turkish origin had put the ban on imports of vegetable products. Turkey, Ukraine lifted the ban in question to fulfill the demands.
During this period, exports of fresh fruits and vegetables in Turkey, the Ukraine, but Ukraine's continued insistence that Turkey had taken hold risky countries group. As a result of the talks, Turkey and Ukraine, the government controls this risk group was issued.
Fresh Deciduous Fruit Annual Turkey
Turkey’s diverse geographic regions produce a variety of fruits, including many varieties of deciduous fruit. Among all of the deciduous fruit, apples have traditionally been the most economically significant crop followed by table grapes and pears. Following extraordinary increases in wine taxes, producers began switching from production of grapes for wine and to production of table grape or raisins.
Deciduous fruit producers usually run small operations; however a few large commercial orchards were established in recent years, which use better quality seedlings and newer technology. There is an increasing trend of establishing new orchards for more export oriented production.
Apple production continued to increase in MY 2009 largely due to good weather conditions and better production techniques. Total production increased by 10 percent and reached 2,750,000 MT in MY 2009. MY 2008 was also a good production year and production was recorded as 2,500,000 MT. Weather conditions so far in My 2010 have been favorable for apple production. Industry contacts and official statistics predict that production will return to MY 2008 levels unless a major disruption occurs. About half of the apples grown in Turkey are Red Delicious (Starking) and about a third are Golden Delicious. Of native varieties, Amasya is the most popular variety that is grown, which constitutes about ten percent of total production. The Granny Smith, Fuji, Gala, Jonagold, and Braeburn varieties are also becoming more popular. These new varieties are becoming increasingly popular among growers because of the greater export potential. According to FAO data, Turkey is among the top ten apple producers in the world. Apples are grown in many regions in Turkey but approximately 50 percent of all commercial apple production comes from three provinces; Isparta, Karaman and Nigde. These provinces are located in the southern part of Central Anatolia and the Northern Mediterranean Regions. In addition to them, commercial apples are also grown in Antalya, Eregli, Denizli, Yalova and Amasya. In some of these areas, drip irrigation is used.
Grapes, Table, Fresh
Turkey has grown grapes for thousands of years. Grapes are grown in many regions throughout Turkey and they are a significant commercial crop. Seedless grapes are mainly grown in the Aegean Region. The Marmara Region produces grapes for wine production and for fresh consumption. The earliest varieties come from the Mediterranean Region. Table grape production increased 14 percent from 1,970,000 MT in MY 2008 to 2,250,000 MT in MY 2009. This was mostly due to good weather conditions in the major growing areas and an increased rate of conversion of vineyards to table grape production. Producers also predict a good year in MY 2010 with production predicted to be around 2,150,000 MT, which would be a slight decrease from the MY 2009 level. There are no official statistics about the breakdown of grape utilization; industry contacts claim that 50 percent of total production is used for fresh consumption. The rest are dried, utilized in pectin and its derivatives, or used in the wine and spirits industry.
Many different varieties of pears are grown in Turkey and harvested throughout the year. There are both domestic and foreign varieties produced in Turkey. The major varieties are Santa Maria, Akca, Mustafabey, Cassia, Willliams, Ankara and Deveci. Turkish pear production increased about 10 percent in MY 2009 and reached 385,000 MT compared to the previous marketing year. Pear production is not predicted to change significantly in MY 2010 and is estimated to reach around 380,000 MT. Pears are grown throughout the country, but are concentrated in the Southern Marmara, Northern Mediterranean, and Central Anatolian Regions, including Bursa, Yalova, Antalya, Ankara, Konya, and Burdur Province.
Apples; Traditionally about 90 percent of Turkey’s apple production is consumed as fresh fruit. About five percent are processed into juice, canned products, vinegar or dried products, and about one or two percent are exported. The remainder is lost, and was added into domestic consumption in the production, supply and demand table. Turkish consumers prefer medium-sized apples weighing approximately one kilo per 6 pieces. Turkish consumers usually prefer Red Delicious at the beginning of the season, and Golden Delicious after the New Year. This is because Red Delicious apples become softer a few months after they are harvested unless they are kept in cold storage properly. Controlled atmosphere storage facilities, however, allow apples to be marketed throughout most of the year. Amasya apples can be marketed longer than Delicious without controlled storage facilities.
Table Grapes; Industry sources estimate that about 50 percent of Turkey’s grape production is consumed as fresh table grapes, about 35 percent is dried (including seedless sultana primarily for export markets), and about 15 percent is processed, primarily for wine production which has been growing rapidly in recent years (about 10 to 12 percent annually). Grapes are also processed into raki, a traditional distilled alcoholic drink, juice, and vinegar. Of the share marketed as fresh grapes, 85 to 90 percent are consumed domestically, 8-10 percent is exported and the remainder is not suitable for use and has been added into the domestic consumption calculations in this report.
Pears; About 90 percent of pears are consumed fresh. Three to five percent are exported, two to three percent are canned, and the remainder are unsuitable for use.
Although Turkey is among the top deciduous fruit producing countries, exports traditionally have not been high compared to production. The major reason for the low export volume was the lack of new varieties which have become popular in many importing countries. MY 2009 was a very significant year for Turkish exporters as new markets opened to Turkish fresh deciduous fruits. For example, MY 2009 was a good year for apple exports. Exports soared from 24,000 MT in MY 2008 to 91,000 MT in MY 2009. Iraq continued to be the major importer and about 62 percent of all apple exports went to Iraq. This was mainly due to the competitive advantage of Turkish apples and lower consumer quality expectations of Iraqi people compared to European markets. Iraq is predicted to be a major market for Turkish apples in MY 2010 as well. Pear exports also increased by 32 percent and reached 21,600 MT in MY 2009. Iran and Saudi Arabia were the top export destinations for pears in MY 2009. Iran traditionally was not a top export destination for Turkish pears due to trade restriction but following research conducted by Iranian officials exports to Iran increased significantly. In addition, Iranian domestic production was damaged by cold weather in MY 2009, therefore further helping Turkish exports. MY 2010 exports are predicted to be about the same. Despite previous predictions table grape exports decreased about 7 percent in MY 2009 compared to MY 2008 and were recorded as 189,000 MT. This was mainly due to high prices in Turkey compared to competitors abroad. Price sensitivity is rather high in major export destinations for table grapes, i.e. Russia and Ukraine. Russia, Bulgaria and Ukraine continued to be the top three export destinations for Turkish table grapes. In MY 2010 table grape exports is predicted to bounce back from MY 2009 levels and reach 205,000 MT. The Middle East and some European countries are the major importers of Turkish deciduous fruit. Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Egypt are the primary destinations for Turkish apples and Saudi Arabia, Romania and Germany are the major markets for pears.
According to Foreign Trade Undersecretariat officials, the Turkish government has provided USD 40 per MT in export subsidies annually to apple exporters. This subsidy, however, is not given in cash, but is given via deductions in utility costs such as electricity and water or can be deducted from income taxes. The latest subsidy was provided between December 1, 2005 and May 31, 2006. There are no subsidies provided to pear and grape exporters.
Fresh deciduous fruits are sold domestically or exported through private traders and specialized marketing cooperatives.
Apple and Marketing
Turkey is the third country in the world apple production. Apples can be produced almost everywhere in our country. Isparta, Niğde and Karaman supply 50% of Turkeys’s total apple production. Apple is not only consumed as fresh, but also used in wine, vinegar and fruit juice industry. Besides it is often used in recipes. A part of harvested apples is immediately supplied to markets while the rest is offered to consumers after having been processed in modern plants and stored controlled atmosphere to be offered all year long to consumers. The most favourite apple varieties for production are Golden and Starking Red Delicious, which are mid-season varieties. But recently plantations of new imported varieties such as Granny Smith, Braeburn, Gala, Fuji have been increasingly expanded.
Availability: June-October. The apples stored are supplied to markets till April.